HiWATER: Observation dataset of fractional vegetation cover by digital camera in the downstream of the Heihe River Basin (2014)
HiWATER: Observation dataset of fractional vegetation cover by digital camera in the downstream of the Heihe River Basin (2014)

The fractional vegetation cover observation was carried out for the typical underlying surface in the lower reaches of the Heihe River Basin during the aviation flight experiment in 2014. The observation started on 24 July, 2014 and finished on 1 August, 2014.

1. Observation time

On days of 24 July, 27 July, 30 July, 31 July and 1 August, 2014

2. Samples method

Large areas with homogeneous vegetation (greater than 100 m * 100 m) were chosen as the observation samples. And forty field samples were selected according to the characteristics of vegetation distribution in the low reaches. The land-use types including the cantaloupe, the Tamarix chinensis, the reeds, the weeds, the Karelinia caspica, the Sophora alopecuroides and so on.

3. Observation methods

3.1 Instruments and measurement method

Digital photography measurement is implemented to measure the FVC. Plot positions, photographic method and data processing method are dedicatedly designed. In field measurements, a long stick with the camera mounted on one end is beneficial to conveniently measure various species of vegetation, enabling a larger area to be photographed with a smaller field of view. The stick can be used to change the camera height; a fixed-focus camera can be placed at the end of the instrument platform at the front end of the support bar, and the camera can be operated by remote control.

3.2 Photographic method

The photographic method used depends on the species of vegetation and planting pattern. A long stick with the camera mounted on one end is used for the Tamarix chinensisi and reeds. For the Tamarix chinensisi and reeds, rows of more than two cycles should be included in the field of view (<30), and the side length of the image should be parallel to the row. If there are no more than two complete cycles, then information regarding row spacing and plant spacing are required. The FVC of the entire cycle, that is, the FVC of the quadrat, can be obtained from the number of rows included in the field of view. For other vegetation , the photos of FVC were obtained by directly photographing for the lower heights of the vegetation.

3.3 Method for calculating the FVC

The detail method of the FVC calculation can be found in the reference below. Many methods are available to extract the FVC from digital images, and the degree of automation and the precision of identification are important factors that affect the efficiency of field measurements. This method, which is proposed by the authors, has the advantages of a simple algorithm, a high degree of automation and high precision, as well as ease of operation (see the reference).

4 Data storage

The observation recorded data were stored in excel and the original FVC data were stored in photos.

Data Citations
Cite as:

Zhou, S. (2015). < b>HiWATER: Observation dataset of fractional vegetation cover by digital camera in the downstream of the Heihe River Basin (2014)</b>2015. doi: 10.3972/hiwater.271.2015.db. (Download the reference: RIS | Bibtex )

Using this data, the data citation is required to be referenced and the related literatures are suggested to be cited.

References literature

1.Liu, Y. K., Mu, X. H., Wang, H. X., & Yan, G. J. (2012). A novel method for extracting green fractional vegetation cover from digital images. Journal of Vegetation Science, 23, 406–418. (View Details |Download)

2.Li Xin, Liu Shaomin, Ma Mingguo, Xiao Qing, Liu Qinhuo, Jin Rui, Che Tao. HiWATER: An Integrated Remote Sensing Experiment on Hydrological and Ecological Processes in the Heihe River Basin. Advances in Earth Science, 2012, 27(5): 481-498. (View Details |Download)

3.Li X, Cheng GD, Liu SM, Xiao Q, Ma MG, Jin R, Che T, Liu QH, Wang WZ, Qi Y, Wen JG, Li HY, Zhu GF, Guo JW, Ran YH, Wang SG, Zhu ZL, Zhou J, Hu XL, Xu ZW. Heihe Watershed Allied Telemetry Experimental Research (HiWATER): Scientific objectives and experimental design. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 2013, 94(8): 1145-1160, 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00154.1. (View Details )

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  • Format: 文本
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  • Temporal coverage:2014-07-29 To 2014-08-09
  • Access: Offline
  • Updated time:2021-04-19

Data Service: MA Mingguo  

Principal Investigator: Guo Dong   WANG Haibo  

Resource Provider: Zhou Shengnan